According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation accounts. The Folsom Tradition was characterized by the use of Folsom points as projectile tips and activities are known from kill sites where slaughter and butchering of bison took place.Folsom tools were left behind between 9000 BCE and 8000 BCE. A Folsom point for a spear.The big-game hunting culture labeled as the Clovis culture is primarily identified with its production of fluted projectile points.The culture received its name from artifacts found near Clovis, New Mexico; the first evidence of this tool complex was excavated in 1932.In the last 500 years, Afro-Eurasian migration to the Americas has led to centuries of conflict and adjustment between Old and New World societies.Most of the written historical record about Native Americans was made by Europeans after their immigration to the Americas. Many Native Americans lived as hunter-gatherer societies, although in many groups, women carried out sophisticated cultivation of a variety of staples: maize, beans, and squash.They are composed of numerous, distinct tribes, states, and ethnic groups, many of which survive as intact political communities.The terms used to refer to Native Americans are controversial; according to a 1995 US Census Bureau set of home interviews, most of the respondents with an expressed preference refer to themselves as American Indians or Indians.
Remnant groups have descendants living throughout the South.
The Southwestern Archaic Tradition was centered in north-central New Mexico, the San Juan Basin, the Rio Grande Valley, southern Colorado, and southeastern Utah.
Poverty Point culture is an archaeological culture whose people inhabited the area of the lower Mississippi Valley and surrounding Gulf Coast.
Dating of Clovis materials has been in association with animal bones and by the use of carbon dating methods. Contemporary Native Americans today have a unique relationship with the United States because they may be members of nations, tribes, or bands of Native Americans who have sovereignty or independence from the government of the United States. citizens were granted citizenship in 1924 by the Congress of the United States.
Recent reexaminations of Clovis materials using improved carbon-dating methods produced results of 11,050 and 10,800 radiocarbon years B. Their societies and cultures flourish within a larger population of descendants of immigrants (both voluntary and slave): African, Asian, Middle Eastern, and European peoples. Numerous Paleoindian cultures occupied North America, with some restricted to the Great Plains and Great Lakes of the modern United States of America and Canada, as well as adjacent areas to the west and southwest.