Deformation can be observed on the microscopic mineral grain scale or on the crustal scale, involving thousands of cubic kilometers.
Structural geology is the branch of geology that seeks to describe, analyze and understand the deformation of rocks at all scales.
Those conditions can vary from the relatively slow collision of continents to the very fast deformation imposed during meteorite impacts.
During deformation the rocks respond in a variety of ways, such as by the bending of originally straight layers or fracturing of intact rocks.
Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt ist Nutzung von Lipid-Biomarkern zur Rekonstruktion von Paläoumwelt-/-klimabedingungen.
The Department’s research laboratories include facilities such as radiocarbon dating, a recirculating sediment flume, a dendrochronology laboratory, a glacial micromorphology laboratory, palynology laboratory, sedigraph, cathodoluminescence microscopic analysis, atomic absorption spectrometry, petrographic image analysis equipment, digitizer, water quality analysis equipment, fluorometric analysis, stable isotope preparation, and a vitrinite reflectance/fluorescence workstation.
Brock University has one of the few micromorphology labs in the world.Low grade metamorphism of the prehnite-pumpellyite and zeolite facies, and progressive metamorphism of high grade Precambrian terrains and the evolution of continental crust (Greg Finn) are the principal topics of interest.Study methods include investigation of petrography, geochemistry and mineralogy of these two types of metamorphic terrains.Research focuses on biostratigraphy, paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and thermal maturation studies, and is conducted within the research group of Martin J. Facilities include a fully equipped palynology laboratory and a Leica vitrinite reflectance / fluorescence workstation. Head (marine palynology, stratigraphy), Dan Mc Carthy (dendrochronology, lichen studies), Francine Mc Carthy (marine and terrestrial palynology, micropaleontology) and John Menzies (glacial geology, micromorphology).Rocks deform as the result of any number of conditions imposed upon them.Francine Mc Carthy studies planktonic foraminifera and thecamoebians respectively in reconstructing marine and freshwater paleoenvironments for the Quaternary.Geology as it relates to the origin, migration, and accumulation of oil and gas, and to the discovery and exploitation of commercial resources. The following faculty and their research groups are involved in this research: Uwe Brand (geochemistry), Martin J.This involves the application of chemistry to the solution of geological problems, which requires knowing the distribution of chemical elements in the Earth and the solar system, and to assemble this information into geochemical cycles and processes and understand how these may have operated in the geologic past.Research is undertaken by Uwe Brand (low-temperature geochemistry).Studies of clastic sediment and sedimentary rocks, particularly shallow-marine storm deposits and sedimentary structures produced in a recirculating sediment flume. The study of geologic (natural hazards) and environmental processes and their influence on human activity, and the impact of human activity on the natural environment.Departmental research is conducted by Dan Mc Carthy (lichen monitoring of air quality), Uwe Brand (watershed studies, climate change in the geologic past), and Francine Mc Carthy (climate change of the Quaternary).