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Pleasure p dating elease from bgc

The purpose would be threefold: a) to explore the dynamics that result from increasing the number of linked components, b) then to run a greater variety of forward calculations or tests, c) and finally, to provide tools for teaching (communicating ideas), both in the classroom and in the policy realm. The IGBP inter-element wetlands workshop involving GAIM, DIS, BAHC, IGAC, and LUCC, was held in Santa Barbara, California on May 16-20, 1996.The purpose of the workshop was to establish a functional parameterization of wetlands directed toward integrating wetland trace gas, hydrologic, nutrient, and other fluxes into regional and global biogeochemical models more effectively than presently possible.The initial years of GAIM have been devoted to developing the techniques which will be necessary for coupling Earth subsystem models to compile an integrated Earth system model.This has entailed the development of models of specific biogeochemical aspects of the Earth system as well as model intercomparisons for the purse of assessing model parameterization and performance.Within these macro-system experiments, we are beginning to understand the human drivers and, in time, the feedbacks.

In addition, the areal extent of wetlands is being modified as a result of land-use changes, so that once a globally consistent classification scheme is established, the areal distribution must be continuously monitored and recompiled.Wetlands scientists from every continent and various disciplines related to wetlands gathered and formulated a nine-parameter functional n-space into which all wetlands can be plotted.The formulation was directed jointly by field ecologists who helped define functions and by remote sensing specialists who helped determine the types of data sets which could be brought to bear on the problem of discrimination on a global basis between wetlands with different sets of parametric values.At the IGBP Congress last April, we spoke about the key linkages: Land-atmosphere, ocean-atmosphere, land-ocean, and atmosphere physics with atmosphere chemistry.These subsystems have differing space and time scales (which themselves depend upon what is being used to determine system state), and consequently, they are often quite "stiff" as linked systems and therefore present difficulties in perturbation experiments.In the two years since the GAIM office was founded, the Task Force has come a long way toward establishing the research capabilities necessary for developing the models and understanding needed for construction of integrated biogeochemical Earth system models.Theinitial emphasis was on the terrestrial carbon cycle, expanding to include ocean carbon and now is growing to include the atmosphere as well.For this purpose, GAIM has been focusing on the Carbon cycle, begining with terrestrial systems, then incorporating marine as well.GAIM is now turning its attention to the pressing problems of model intercomparison, assessment, and integration.Since coming to IGBP, I have seen the growth and maturation of a truly remarkable international research organization.This is one which operates on a shoestring budget, is manned almost entirely by volunteers, and manages to transcend the traditional disciplinary research barriers to address questions regarding the Earth system that would have been otherwise impossible to treat.


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