The groom usually wears a sash forming an "X" in front of him. The bride is the one in the centre wearing a red dress and blue headpiece, presenting tea to her mother-in-law.Sometimes the "X" includes a giant bow or flower, though not in this picture.), as opposed to marriage in modern China, is a ceremonial ritual within Chinese societies that involve a union between spouses, sometimes established by pre-arrangement between families.Within Chinese culture, romantic love and monogamy was the norm for most citizens.Such people were thought to live like animals, and they did not have the precise concept of motherhood, fatherhood, sibling, husband and wife, and gender, not to mention match-making and marriage ceremony.Part of the Confucian "civilizing mission" was to define what it meant to be a Father or a Husband, and to teach people to respect the proper relationship between family members and regulate sexual behavior.
Therefore, the benefits and demerits of any marriage are important to the entire family, not just the individual couples.
Wedding rituals and customs often varied by region because of China's extensive and rich history and because of the numerous different cultures and ethno-linguistic groups that have been subsumed into modern Chinese culture.
In more ancient writings for the word 婚姻, the former has the radical 昏 (pinyin: hūn, literally " dusk, nightfall, twilight, dark") beside the radical 女 (pinyin: nǚ, literally "a female").
Traditionally incest has been defined as marriage between people with the same surname.
From the perspective of a Confucian family, marriage brings together families of different surnames and so continues the family line of the paternal clan.