Historically, elections have tended to be a contest between two major coalitions of parties.In international affairs, Mauritius is part of the Indian Ocean Commission, the Southern African Development Community and the Commonwealth of Nations and La Francophonie (French speaking countries), amongst others.The island of Mauritius is renowned for having been the only known home of the dodo.First sighted by Europeans around 1600 on Mauritius, the dodo became extinct less than eighty years later.Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! In addition to the island of Mauritius, the Republic includes the islands of Cargados Carajos, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands.
English is the only official language but the lingua franca is Creole and the newspapers and television programmes are usually in French.
Together with Réunion and Rodrigues, Mauritius is part of the Mascarene Islands.
This archipelago was formed in a series of undersea volcanic eruptions 8-10 million years ago, as the African plate drifted over the Réunion hotspot.
Around the plateau, the original crater can still be distinguished from several mountains.
The local climate is tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; there is a warm, dry winter from May to November and a hot, wet, and humid summer from November to May.