Eight years before Jesus was born the name of the month was changed to Augustus in honour of the Roman Emperor Augustus Casesar, because many of the important events in his life happened around that time of year.
The Anglo-Saxons called it Weod monath, which means Weed month, because it is the month when weeds and otehr plants grow most repidly.
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Lammas Day used to be a time for foretelling marriages and trying out partners.
Two young people would agree to a "trial marriage" lasting the period of the fair (usually 11 days) to see whether they were really suited for wedlock.
Unusual Customs Britain carries out its last executions before the abolition of capital punishment - Peter Allen is hanged at Walton Prison, Liverpool, and John Walby at Strangeways Prison, Manchester - both convicted murderers.On Lammas Day farmers made loaves of bread from the new wheat crop and gave them to their local church.They were then used as the Communion bread during a special mass thanking God for the harvest.At the end of the fair, if they didn't get on, the couple could part.Lammas was also the time for farmers to give their farm workers a present of a pair of gloves.(1964) Mount Vesuvius erupts near Pompeii in southern Italy.Although roughly half the citizens of Pompeii escaped toward the sea, more than 2,000 people were buried under seven feet of molten lava, ash, and pumice.It originated as a medieval gathering of bards and minstrels, attended by people across Wales, who competed for the prized chair at the noble's table.Held during the first week of August, it celebrates Welsh arts and culture.The custom ended when Henry VIII broke away from the Catholic Church, and nowadays we have harvest festivals at the end of the season.Michaelmas Day (September 29) is traditionally the last day of the harvest season.