Within the books of Geographica is a map of Europe.
Whole world maps according to Strabo are reconstructions from his written text.
With the Age of Discovery, during the 15th to 18th centuries, world maps became increasingly accurate; exploration of Antarctica and the interior of Africa by western mapmakers was left to the 19th and early 20th century.
and several cities, in turn surrounded by a "bitter river" (Oceanus), with eight outlying regions (nagu) arranged around it in the shape of triangles, so as to form a star.
, note that he continued the use of Marinus's equirectangular projection for its regional maps while finding it inappropriate for maps of the entire known world.Eratosthenes (276–194 BCE) drew an improved world map, incorporating information from the campaigns of Alexander the Great and his successors.Asia became wider, reflecting the new understanding of the actual size of the continent.Ptolemy discussed and favored this revised figure of Posidonius over Eratosthenes in his Geographia, and during the Middle Ages scholars divided into two camps regarding the circumference of the Earth, one side identifying with Eratosthenes' calculation and the other with Posidonius' 180,000 stadion measure.The Geographica first appeared in Western Europe in Rome as a Latin translation issued around 1469.The earliest known world maps date to classical antiquity, the oldest examples of the 6th to 5th centuries BCE still based on the flat Earth paradigm.World maps assuming a spherical Earth first appear in the Hellenistic period.He thought that the inhabited world stretched in latitude from Thule (Shetland) to Agisymba (Tropic of Capricorn) and in longitude from the Isles of the Blessed to Shera (China).Marinus also coined the term Antarctic, referring to the opposite of the Arctic Circle.Marinus of Tyre's world maps were the first in the Roman Empire to show China.Around 120 CE, Marinus wrote that the habitable world was bounded on the west by the Fortunate Islands.