Welsh intellectuals in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries wrote extensively on the subject of Welsh culture, promoting the language as the key to preserving national identity.
The English counties of Cheshire, Shropshire, Hereford, Worcester, and Gloucestershire border Wales on the east.
Other mountain ranges include the Brecon Beacons to the southeast and Snowdon in the northwest, which reaches an elevation of 3,560 feet (1,085 meters) and is the highest mountain in Wales and England.
The Dee River, with its headwaters in Bala Lake, the largest natural lake in Wales, flows through northern Wales into England.
Wales is very mountainous and has a rocky, irregular coastline with numerous bays, the largest of which is Cardigan Bay to the west.
The Cambrian Mountains, the most significant range, run north-south through central Wales.