They adopted the early Christian symbol of the Coptic Cross as the emblem to use on their road vehicles. 1901 By the turn of the century, there was also some production of petrol engines, and from 1901 these engines were finding their way into road vehicles, including, in 1905, Leyland buses. Examples include the HST-Vee 8, used in the British Rail Class 28 and the Western Australian Government Railways "X" class, the EST-Vee 8 used in the CIE "60 Class" and the ESNT 6 used in British Railways shunting locomotives D3117-D3126.
1869 They acquired the UK and world (except German) rights to the patents of Otto and Langen (sometimes Langden) of Cologne for the new gas fuelled atmospheric internal combustion engine 1876 These rights were extended to the famous Otto four-stroke cycle engine. The company was registered on 5 April, to take over the business of gas and oil engine makers of a private company of the same name. A major contribution to manufacturing was the introduction of the assembly line. Both were two stroke engines equipped with Crossley's system of exhaust pulse pressure charging whereby surplus air in the exhaust manifold was forced back into the cylinder by the exhaust pulse from a neighbouring cylinder. 1871 'Fatal Accident at an Iron Foundry.— At the City Coroner's Court, to-day, an inquest was held by Mr. Makinson, deputy coroner, respecting the death of Robert Booth, aged 52, and late of 27, Lancaster-street, Hulme.
1867 Francis William Crossley (1839-97), with help from his uncle, bought the engineering business of John M. 1961 Diesel and gas engineers, manufacturing locomotive, marine and stationary diesel and gas engines, also general engineering, foundry and fabrication work. 1966 The receivers of Crossley Brothers reorganised the company and sold the business and assets to some of its subsidiaries.
Dunlop and Co at Great Marlborough Street in Manchester city centre, including manufacturing pumps, presses, and small steam engines. Saunderson and Co 1935 Changed the name of Premier Gas Engine to Crossley-Premier Engines with a public offering of shares. Subsequently Belliss and Morcom acquired Crossley-Premier Engines and Furnival and Co . 1968 The market for engines was continuing to shrink, and the new company joined the Amalgamated Power Engineering (APE) group and the name became APE-Crossley.
Inserted into the fuel line was a check valve which kept the fuel from running back to the tank between combustion strokes.
While there were exceptions, a mixer did not store fuel in a bowl of any kind.
The engine material was mainly cast iron and all significant engine parts were cast from it.
Small functional pieces were made of steel and machined to perform their function. The fuel system of a hit-and-miss engine consists of a fuel tank, fuel line, check valve and fuel mixer.
The change over to four stroke engines was remarkably rapid with the last atmospheric engines being made in 1877. 1898 First diesel engines made, followed by petrol engines, which were used on buses, including Leyland buses. Some claim that the Crossley system influenced Henry Ford, who visited Pottery Lane at the turn of the century. The first Crossley cars were designed by chief engineer James S. Original Works in Manchester 1867 The brothers took over the works of J. The deceased was in the service of Crossley Brothers, engineers and ironfounders, Marlborough-street, Hulme.
1881 Crossley Brothers became a private limited company 1882 They moved to larger premises in Pottery Lane, Openshaw, in eastern Manchester. 1888 Further technical improvements also followed, including the introduction of poppet valves and the hot-tube ignitor in 1888 and the introduction of the carburettor, allowing volatile liquid fuels to be used. 1900 Illustrated catalogue of gas and oil engines ranging up to 180 hp. Critchley, who had previously been with Daimler, and W. A witness named Charles Booth stated that on Monday the 10th of March he and deceased were engaged hoisting, by a chain, a large iron casting, when one of the links of the chain broke, and the casting fell on one of the deceased's feet, literally smashing it in pieces.