A conceptualist-type movement led by a group of young radical French abstract artists (c.1966-72), it aimed to detach painting from its symbolic and romantic attributes, and reduce it to its bare essentials - that is, its canvas and frame.
Members included Andre-Pierre Aarnal, Vincent Bioules, Louis Cane, Marc Devade, Daniel Dezeuze, Noel Dolla, Toni Grand, Bernard Pages, Jean-Pierre Pincemin, Patrick Saytour, Andre Valensi, and Claude Viallat.
Also called super-realism or hyper-realism, its leading members include Richard Estes and Chuck Close, as well as Robert Bechtle, Audrey Flack, Ralph Goings and Irishman John Doherty.
Super-realist sculptors include Duane Hanson (1925-96), John de Andrea (b.1941), Carole Feuerman (b.1945), Ron Mueck and Robert Gober.
Called "Nouvelle Subjectivité" after the name given to a 1976 exhibition at the Pompidou Museum of Modern Art in Paris, this contemporary style of painting favoured a return to reality and away from abstract and conceptual art, based on careful observation of the real world.Derived from Dada and early 20th century avant-garde art, exemplified by Marcel Duchamp, this movement is based on the principle that art is a 'concept' rather than a material object.That is to say, the 'idea' that a work represents is considered its essential component, not the work itself. For a summary of 3-D art, see: Irish Sculpture. For a review of representationalism, see: Representational Painting in Ireland.See also Op-Art, the movement led in Britain by Bridget Riley.Photorealism is a style of highly detailed "life-like" painting and sculpture, inspired by Pop-art, which emerged during the late 1960s.Famous Performance artists include the French postmodernist Yves Klein (1928-62) - see also: Yves Klein's Postmodernist art (1956-62) - the Swiss kinetic artist and sculptor Jean Tinguely, the British duo Gilbert & George (b.1943/2) and the German contemporary installation artist Joseph Beuys (1921-86).In addition, performance artists can often be seen at many of the Best Contemporary Art Festivals around Europe. For the history of portraiture, see: Irish Portrait Artists. For details of genre-works, see: Irish Genre Painters.