The law made demands for a dowry by the groom's family illegal, as well as public display of dowry before or during the wedding.However, this and similar anti-dowry laws of 1967, 19, as well as Family Court Act of 1964 have proven to be unenforceable.Gifts given without a precondition are not considered dowry, and are legal.Asking or giving of dowry can be punished by an imprisonment of up to six months, or a fine of up to Murder and suicide under compulsion are addressed by India's criminal penal code.One such attempt was the Act of 1997, Ordinance (XV) of 1998 and Ordinance (III) of 1999.These were challenged in the Supreme Court of Pakistan.Activists such as SACHET, Pakistan claim the police refuse to register and prosecute allegations of dowry-related domestic violence and fatal injuries.Various military and democratically elected civil governments in Pakistan have tried to outlaw traditional display of dowry and expensive parties (walima).
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Some publications suggest Pakistan officials do not record dowry deaths, the death rates are culturally under-reported and may be significantly higher.
For example, Nasrullah reports total average annual stove burn rates of 33 per 100,000 women in Pakistan, of which 49% were intentional, or an average annual rate of about 16 per 100,000 women.
Of this activist community, the United Nations (UN) has played a pivotal role in combating violence against women, including dowry deaths.
The United Nations has been an advocate for women's rights since its inception in 1945, explicitly stating so in its Charter’s Preamble, (2012).