He named this New Amsterdam, and the Dutch holdings in the area were collectively called New Netherlands.
New Amsterdam was granted self government by the Dutch in 1652.
By 1636 the General Court gave power over the church to the magistrates and, later, control as to who preached what and where.
1634 27.3.1634 The Werowance (chief) of the Yoacomoco Indians having agreed to sell a village to Leonard Calvert in exchange for gifts, trading guarantees and protection from their enemies, the Susquehannock and is against-law.
Made up of the governor and freemen, it had full legal authority.
The franchise was limited to regenerate church members, and the church was supported by public taxes.
In 1679, the French took the western part of the island and called it Saint Dominigue.
1494 Christopher Columbus claimed the island now called Jamaica for Spain after landing there in 1494.
The English, led by Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables, took over the last Spanish fort in Jamaica in 1655.
The southern colonies, such as in Chesapeake Bay 1614 New Netherlands The Dutch West India Company explored and began to settle an area north of Virginia in 1614.
Peter Minuit and other Dutch settlers settled an island which they bought from the local Indians for 60 gilders worth of goods.