An investigation that begins in one police district will almost certainly cross jurisdictional boundaries. Therefore, most of the major investigations of Internet child pornography have involved cooperation among jurisdictions, often at an international level. Because legal definitions of both child and pornography differ considerably among jurisdictions, for research purposes child pornography is often defined broadly as any record of sexual activity involving a prepubescent person. Pornographic records include still photographs, videos, and audio recordings. “Computer Search and Seizure Issues in Internet Crimes Against Children Cases.” Rutgers Computer and Technology Law Journal 7–373. The guide begins by describing the problem and reviewing factors that increase the risks of Internet child pornography. It then identifies a series of questions that might assist you in analyzing your local Internet child pornography problem. Therefore, it is important that all police departments develop strategies for dealing with the problem.
There is also a wide variation in international laws covering child pornography, and this can have significant implications for law enforcement.
Finally, it reviews responses to the problem and what is known about these from evaluative research and police practice. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.
The treatment of children as sexual objects has existed through the ages, and so too has the production of erotic literature and drawings involving children.
The first federal law concerning child pornography was passed in 1978, and the first laws that specifically referred to computers and child pornography were passed in 1988.
Since that time, there has been a steady tightening of child pornography laws(see Table 1).