The pipeline would be a key conduit connecting oil wells in the state’s Bakken Shale, where the development of fracking has opened billions of gallons of new oil to recovery, to other valuable consumer markets, including the Gulf Coast, Midwest and East Coast.
The nearly billion project was first proposed in 2014 with an anticipated completion of this year.
They insist that fossil fuels—including the vast reserves in the Bakken Shale—need to be kept in the ground to protect the world from the worst effects of climate change. and tribal flags before entering the "Rocking the Rez" Pow Wow on Oct.
Proponents of the pipeline argue that oil producers would likely ship the oil by rail line if construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline was halted, as much of the oil produced in North Dakota already is—and argument that was also used in favor of the now canceled Keystone XL pipeline. 1, 2016 in Ysleta del Sur Pueblo, Texas, expressing support for protesters that have blocked construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline. Opponents of the project have responded with both protests and litigation in an attempt to slow—and eventually stop—the pipeline.
The protests began months ago with a core group of attendees, and have heated up recently as the issue gained more attention.
And, with both supporters and opponents vowing to fight through the harsh North Dakota winter, the battle shows no signs of ending anytime soon.The pipeline has united a number of different interest groups with a variety of objections, but Native Americans have been at the center of the opposition.The pipeline would travel underneath the Missouri River, the primary drinking water source for the Standing Rock Sioux, a tribe of around 10,000 with a reservation in the central part of North and South Dakota.And while the land being used for the pipeline is not technically on its reservation, tribal leaders argue that the federal government did not adequately engage the Standing Rock Sioux during the permitting process—a requirement under federal law.More broadly, environmental activists say the pipeline would contribute man-made climate change by building up the country’s oil infrastructure.NHPA requires the agency to consider the cultural significance of federally-permitted sites and NEPA to consider the implications for the waterways.The litigation is ongoing though a court rejected an argument that construction should be halted while the case winds through the courts.Each bay is capable of housing entry and biometric exit concepts of operation for evaluation, as well as accommodating up to 50 volunteer test subjects concurrently.Testing is conducted in accordance with a privacy impact assessment, and demographics of the volunteer test subject pool are representative of the international traveling public.Protesters have set up teepee and tent camps on land owned by Energy Transfer Partners to slow the progress of construction and have threatened to block the highway.More recently, celebrities and public figures like actor Shailene Woodley, actor Mark Ruffalo and civil rights activist Jesse Jackson have traveled to North Dakota in solidarity with the Standing Rock Sioux.