If the Ten Commandments are simply a summary of the legal and priestly traditions of Israel, they belong to an even later period.
The Commandments contain little that was new to the ancient world and reflect a morality common to the ancient Middle East.
Just in time for the holidays, the oldest complete copy of the Ten Commandments has gone on public display in New York City -- and possibly for the last time. Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land which the Lord your God gives you. Judaism, the prologue (“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage”) constitutes the first element, and the prohibitions against false gods and idols the second. The Commandments are recorded virtually identically in Ex. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your manservant, or your maidservant, or your cattle, or the sojourner who is within your gates; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and hallowed it. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant, or his maidservant, or his ox, or his ass, or anything that is your neighbor’s.The scrolls were discovered between 19 in a series of caves – found initially by a Bedouin shepherd – that are near the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea.They are believed to date from around 250 BCE to 68 CE. The scroll is the most complete and best preserved ancient example of the Ten Commandments in the world.The Ten Commandments Scroll contains text from Deuteronomy 5 and is among the trove of ancient writings known as the Dead Sea Scrolls, a group of approximately 900 ancient writings discovered in 11 caves in the Judean desert and dating from 250 BCE to 68 CE.The 17-day exhibition period of the Ten Commandments Scroll is the longest that the Israel Antiquities Authority has allowed it outside Israel since 2007 because of the scroll’s universal importance, its fragility and its age.They are a description of the conditions accepted by the community of Israel in its relationship to Yahweh.The differences found in Exodus and Deuteronomy indicate that the process of transmission from generation to generation brought with it modifications.Union Terminal Closed: Cincinnati History Library & Archives Closed: Cincinnati History Museum Closed: Museum of Natural History & Science Now Open: Duke Energy Children's Museum Closed: OMNIMAX Theater Witness the oldest, best-preserved parchment scroll of The Ten Commandments, containing text from Deuteronomy 5 - perhaps the most remarkable of all the Dead Sea Scrolls - in Cincinnati for 17 days only.A special gift from Great American Insurance Group has enabled Cincinnati Museum Center to bring the 2,100-year-old Ten Commandments Scroll to Cincinnati from Good Friday (March 29) to April 14, 2013, to join 10 other scrolls in our special exhibition .